Olive Tree Cultivation
Spain is the European Union (EU) country with the most olive orch ards with 55% of the total, according to data from Eurostat, the EU statistics office. The latest results of the EU's five-yearly orchard survey indicate that olive trees covered around 4.6 million hectares in 2017.
The olive tree is especially adapted to dry land. It withstands high temperatures in summer, up to 40ºC, if it has sufficient humidity in the soil, and up to -10ºC in the middle of winter rest. It tolerates frost, unless temperatures are below -10ºC and with the exception of very early varieties, whose fruit can be very damaged by low temperatures.
Traditional olive plantations contain only 100 trees / ha. More modern plantations usually have an average of 200 to 300 trees / ha. However, new super high density (SDH) olive plantations can contain more than 2000 trees / ha.